Spatial Reasoning Ability Tests

Spatial reasoning ability involves visualizing and manipulating two-dimensional or three-dimensional shapes or patterns. A high level of spatial reasoning ability is essential in subjects such as architecture and in some branches of science and mathematics.

Spatial reasoning ability is thought to be largely inherited although research suggests that many people can improve their ability to visualise transformations in shapes and patterns.

The selection process for many jobs in design, illustration, architecture, publishing and technology include spatial reasoning tests. These tests may also be used to select applicants in certain technical and craft jobs.
Spatial reasoning ability questions cover: shape matching, shape rotation, combining shapes, cube views in 3-dimensions, and the manipulation of other solid shapes in 2 and 3 dimensions.

You may also find some questions which use maps and plans, these questions often appear in tests for emergency services, military and law enforcement jobs where the ability to give or follow directions based on a map or street plan is essential.

Spatial Reasoning - Combining Shapes

These questions show you a series of 2-dimensional shapes. One of the shapes has been ‘cut up’ into pieces. The questions presents you with the pieces and you are asked to work out which of the shapes has been ‘cut up’.

Spatial Reasoning – Cubes in 3-Dimensions
These questions show you views of a 3-dimensional cube with unique figures, markings or symbols on each face. You are then asked to say which symbol is on the opposite face.

Spatial Reasoning – Matching 2-Dimensional Shapes
These are speed questions and you will need to work quickly and attempt to answer as many as possible in the given time. In these types of question you will be presented with a number of objects only two of which are identical. You will need to identify the identical shapes, one of which may have been rotated.

Spatial Reasoning – Matching Rotated Groups
This is slightly more complex than the rotations in the two-dimensional shape matching question. In these types of question you will be presented with a series of groups of objects, only two of the groups are identical. You will need to identify the identical groups, one of which will have been rotated.

Spatial Reasoning - Solids in 2 and 3-Dimensions
These questions use solid shapes which may be irregular. In some respects, these questions are easier than the cube questions as there are more relationships to work with. In other words, each face of the solid shape has a shape of its own rather than just being square.

Spatial Reasoning - Maps and Plans
These questions often appear in tests for emergency services, military and law enforcement jobs where the ability to give or follow directions based on a map or street plan is essential.

Spatial reasoning questions may form part of a general aptitude test or may be presented a separate test. You can download practice spatial reasoning ability questions here. You should ensure that you do not confuse them with abstract reasoning tests which look superficially similar, but do not test you ability to manipulate the shapes used.

You may also be interested in: Aptitude Tests Introduction, Question Types & Scoring, The Difference between Speed & Power Tests, Verbal Ability Tests, Numerical Ability Tests, Abstract Reasoning Tests, Spatial Ability Tests, Mechanical Aptitude Tests, Data Checking Tests, Work Sample Tests, Interpreting Aptitude Test Results, Different Types of Scoring SystemsStandard Scores, Percentiles & Norming and Using the Results to Make Selection Decisions.


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