Information is provided that requires you to interpret it and then apply the appropriate logic to answer the questions. In other words, you need to work out how to get the answer rather than what calculations to apply. Sometimes the questions are designed to approximate the type of reasoning required in the workplace.
The questions will often use number series questions which represent the most popular type of numerical reasoning questions. Numerical reasoning questions are very commonly used in graduate and managerial selection. You can usually expect 1520 questions in 2030 minutes.
Sample Numerical Reasoning Questions
Identify the missing number at the end of the series.
A  B  C  D  E  
1  3, 11, 19, 27, ?  33  35  37  39  41  
A  B  C  D  E  
2  3, 6, 11, 18, ?  24  25  26  27  28  
A  B  C  D  E  
3  516, 497, 478, 459, ?  436  440  438  452  442  
Identify the missing number within the series.  
A  B  C  D  E  
4  33, ?, 19, 12, 5  31  26  29  27  24  
A  B  C  D  E  
5  11, 19, ?, 41, 55  31  29  26  39  34  
A  B  C  D  E  
6  98, 94, ?, 70, 38  89  85  86  87  88  
7  Identify the missing number.  


8  Identify the missing number. 


9  It costs a
manufacturer X dollars per component to make the first 1,000
components. All subsequent components cost X÷3 each. When X =
$1.50 How much will it cost to manufacture 4,000 components? 


10  A train
traveling at 60 mph enters a tunnel that is 5 miles long. The
train is one mile long. How many minutes does it take for the
whole train to pass through the tunnel? 


11  In the Shelbyville
election, the Republican candidate received one and a half
times as many votes as the Democrat candidate. The Democrat
candidate received one third more votes than the Independent
candidate. 900 votes were cast for the Independent candidate.
How many votes were cast for the Republican candidate? 


12  Anna and John both
drive to their new home 400 miles away. Anna drives the family
car at an average speed of 60 mph. John drives the removal
truck at an average speed of 50 mph. During the journey, Anna
stops for a total of 1 hour and 20 minutes, John stops for
half as long. What is the difference in minutes between their
arrival times? 

Answers to sample numerical reasoning questions.
Numerical reasoning is an increasingly popular way of assessing
candidates during the job selection process. Many people who have
been out of the education system for a while or who don’t use
maths on a daytoday basis feel intimidated by these types of
test. The important thing to remember is that you don’t need to
have studied mathematics to a high level to do well in these
tests. They are primarily tests of reasoning ability and the math
needed is invariably straightforward. Although you may need to get
back up to speed with percentages, ratios, proportions, fractions
and decimals.
You will usually be allowed to use a calculator for these types of
question and investing in one which can handle fractions and
percentages is a good idea. You should also try to work through a
few numerical computation practice papers to get back into swing
of these types of calculation.
Download Sample Numerical Reasoning Questions.
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